Here, a widely traveled and heavily armed Australian invoked white nationalism in the name of an international campaign against immigration. The magnitude of the attacks would have thrown the spotlight onto rightist extremism even if the killer had not streamed them on Facebook Live. Adding to the urgency are indications that right-wing extremists have been emboldened by political leaders expressing the same xenophobia and intolerance. The New Zealand attacks may offer a new window into how we think about terrorism.
To Americans, the word has been synonymous with Sept. But terrorism is not merely about belief. Convinced he was a soldier in a war visible only to an enlightened few, the alleged shooter, Brenton Tarrant, was as alarmed as any jihadi by the very things—tolerance, coexistence, inclusion—that drew Muslim worshippers to feel at home in a city named Christchurch. The numbers bear out the concern, in the U.
In , the FBI said it was conducting 1, investigations into white supremacists and other domestic terrorist threats, roughly as many as it had open into people who may have been inspired by the Islamic State, according to the Washington Post. In Europe, where immigration from Muslim countries has exposed rifts in societies, the political surge to the right has been accompanied by supremacist violence. That belief helped feed the violence.
That organizing often occurs online. Much has been made of the Internet savvy of jihadis, but right-wing extremists have been at home there since the dawn of the Internet. On Twitter, extremism researcher J. Today, they outperform ISIS in nearly every social metric, from follower counts to tweets per day. But the true breeding ground for these extremists is on less-trafficked forums, like 8chan and 4chan, where anonymous users trade ostensibly ironic memes, jokes and discussions laced with racism and misogyny.
It was on one of these where the alleged shooter announced his rampage and posted links to his written justification, as well as the Facebook live feed. At one point, the video was being uploaded to YouTube at the rate of once a second, the Guardian reported. Not all of the posts were admiring, and morbid fascination no doubt contributed.
That matters, Ebner notes, because in many Western countries, extremists can now count on the polite attention of politicians.
Chad Williams – Hamilton College
That kind of thinking was on prominent display in the aftermath of these attacks. Britain and France have 13 bases combined; Russia has nine. The book is written in 22 brisk chapters, full of lively characters, dollops of humor, and surprising facts. Did you know that the U. It entertains and means to do so. But its purpose is quite serious: to shift the way that people think about American history.
Americans tend to see their country as a nation-state, not as an imperial power. As such, its global reach and influence are often invisible to its own citizens. So are the complex reactions that its actions around the world produce. Histories of U. But nearly since its founding, the United States had been in the process of expanding and debating how it would expand from 13 Eastern states across the continent. Early national elites were divided on how to apportion land for Native Americans and maintain peace between them and European settlers. But over the course of the nineteenth century, opportunities for profit pushed individuals and governments to seize more and more land.
New states applied for admission to the union: some successfully, others—like Lincoln, West Dakota, Deseret, Cimarron, Montezuma, and the majority-Indian Sequoyah—were rejected. After the U. Representatives who opposed expansion for moral reasons were joined by those who opposed trying to incorporate large numbers of people they considered racially unfit for democratic government.
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Those new territories would become states decades later only when white rule could be assured. By the s, guano had become a highly prized commodity.
Intensive, industrialized agriculture required supplies of nitrogen fertilizer, which could be made from bird excrement. In that simple manner, the territory would come to belong to the United States. While territories that bordered the nation could eventually expect full statehood, the guano islands resembled traditional overseas colonies. Because the islands were unpopulated—apart from the birds—the workers who would toil among mountains of guano often had to be tricked and coerced into going there. In some places, business owners employed Native Hawaiians; in others they exploited African Americans, who labored in conditions resembling convict camps.
An uprising by workers on Navassa Island, off the coast of Haiti, led to the deaths of five whites; President Benjamin Harrison commuted the death sentences of its leaders after an investigation revealed that the workers had no recourse to any government official.
This position nevertheless reinforced the notion that the islands were part of the United States. The years after usually are seen as a rupture in the history of U. Nor was it the conflict with foreign nations and the conquest of territory—Native American communities were foreign nations and had suffered violence and displacement as a result. Amid legal proceedings against Meng, Huawei sues the United States in a separate lawsuit for banning U. In a battle with Beijing for technological supremacy , the Trump administration launches an aggressive campaign warning other countries not to use Huawei equipment to build 5G networks, claiming the Chinese government could use the company to spy.
Commerce Department also adds Huawei to its foreign entity blacklist. That means everything the United States imports from China now faces taxes. Skip to main content. Close June Korean War Breaks Out. August First Taiwan Strait Crisis. March Tibetan Uprising. March Sino-Soviet Border Conflict.
April Ping-Pong Diplomacy. February Nixon Visits China. Formal Ties and One China Policy. July China in the Reagan Era. June Tiananmen Square Massacre.http://4840.ru/components/iphone-7/pag-iphone-7.php
The New Zealand Attacks Show How White Supremacy Went From a Homegrown Issue to a Global Threat
September Prominent Dissidents Deported. May Belgrade Embassy Bombing. October Normalized Trade Relations. April U. March China Increases Military Spending. September China Becomes Largest U. Foreign Creditor. November U. February Rising Trade Tensions.
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April Dissident Flees to U. June 7 — 8, Sunnylands Summit. May 19, U. Indicts Chinese Nationals. November 12, Joint Climate Announcement. May 30, U. March 22, Trump Tariffs Target China. July 6, U. December 1, Canada Arrests Huawei Executive. March 6, Huawei Sues the United States.
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May 10, Trade War Intensifies. August 5, U. Labels China a Currency Manipulator. Relations With China — Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Email. Crowds celebrate the triumph of Communists in China. AP Photos.