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Stendal also noted that the government of Greenland published a review of its potential resources for critical minerals in The second speaker, Dr. Stephen Freeman of the Beryllium Science and Technology Association, outlined the approach of the United States on critical and strategic materials.

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According to Dr. Freeman, the first CRM policy request in the US was presented in the s, with the last request presented in without any outcome yet. In and , the Department of Energy issued two Critical Materials strategy reports focused on the risk of supply disruption for materials necessary for renewable energy, with the OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy publishing a report on natural resources and critical raw materials prepared in March which contains a screening method for potential supply constraints of individual critical materials.

Freeman noted that whilst both the Obama administration and the Trump administration remain concerned about potential supply disruption, no formal policy or legislation has been adopted. Freeman did stress that from a US industrial perspective, policies that restrict access or the use of CRMs are not in the interest of the US and it can be expected that minerals mined and processed in the US and which fall on a list of CRMs could become eligible for most-favoured status in the Trump Administration.

Orii stated that CRMs are defined by Japan as rare metals and their name derives from the difficulties connected to their extraction and their importance for industry.

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Orii, Japan is heavily reliant upon imports of rare metals from third countries, especially as the Japanese economy is dependent upon electronics, where many rare metals are used, and the competitiveness of Japanese industry is founded on the production of high-tech technologies. Moreover, Japan also participates in the EU-Japan-US trilateral conference on critical materials, the last of which took place in November The CRM Alliance would like to extend its thanks to the speakers, each of which provided a unique insight into the world of critical raw materials, and participants for fruitful discussion.

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Handley went on to explain the importance of CRMs within the 10 priorities identified by the European Commission, in particular reference was made to: jobs, growth and investment — to help implement a circular economy and promote green growth; the energy union and climate change, stating how raw materials are used in the transition to a low-carbon economy; unlocking the full potential of the single market and guarantee for a renewed industrial policy strategy; for trade policy to harness globalisation, through economic diplomacy and inserting raw material chapters in free trade agreements; and for the EU to be a stronger global actor, in terms of international cooperation and development.

Mounier also outlined the main priorities of the French government concerning CRMs: to create tools to help companies be more efficient in their use of raw materials to identify where there is a risk of supply of a critical raw material and cooperate with the relevant administration to solve the issue; and to foster dialogue between upstream and downstream users, with a strategic metals committee created In addition, the French government is working to obtain national investments for a new recycling plan on the territory, as well as to develop mining activities.

End The CRM Alliance would like to extend its thanks to the speakers, each of which provided a unique insight into the world of critical raw materials, and participants for fruitful discussion.


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